Biomaterial developments for bone tissue engineering.
Burg KJ1, Porter S, Kellam JF.
The development of bone tissue engineering is directly related to changes in materials technology. While the inclusion of materials requirements is standard in the design process of engineered bone substitutes, it is also critical to incorporate clinical requirements in order to engineer a clinically relevant device.
This review presents the clinical need for bone tissue-engineered alternatives to the present materials used in bone grafting techniques, a status report on clinically available bone tissue-engineering devices, and recent advances in biomaterials research. The discussion of ongoing research includes the current state of osseoactive factors and the delivery of these factors using bioceramics and absorbable biopolymers. Suggestions are also presented as to the desirable design features that would make an engineered device clinically effective.
1Department of Bioengineering, Clemson University, SC 29634-0905, USA.
Biomaterials. 2000 Dec;21(23):2347-59.